The influence of asynchronous motivational music on a supramaximal exercise bout

Jasmin C. Hutchinson *, Todd Sherman **, Lyndsey Davis ***, Dusty Cawthon ***, Nathan B. Reeder *** and Gershon Tenenbaum ****

(*) Springfield College, Springfield, MA. USA
(**) University of Tennessee at Martin, USA
(***) Oxford College of Emory University, Oxford, GA. USA
(****) Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. USA


C. Hutchinson, J., Sherman, T., Davis, L., Cawthon, D., B. Reeder, N., Tenenbaum, G. (2011). The influence of asynchronous motivational music on a supramaximal exercise bout. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 42(2), 135-148.


This study evaluated the influence of asynchronous music on supramaximal exercise performance. Physically active male and female participants (N = 25) completed a Wingate anaerobic test under two different conditions: music and no music. Physiological variables measured were peak power output, mean power output, and rate of fatigue. A scale questionnaire was used immediately after the trial to assess participants’ level of motivation, perceived exertion, and affect. Results indicated that peak power and mean power were significantly higher with music than without. Participants reported increased task motivation and more positive affect in the music condition, but perceived exertion was unaffected. The results of this study suggest that music can have a positive influence over anaerobic performance and can influence certain psychological factors during exercise, even at supramaximal effort levels.

Keywords: Affect, Music, Perceived exertion