Development and validation of the metacognitive beliefs about performances questionnaire

Steven Love *, L. Kannis-Dymand ** and Geoff P. Lovell *

(*) Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland, Australia
(**) Sunshine Coast Mind & Neuroscience - Thompson Institute, School of Social Sciences, FABL, University of the Sunshine Coast, 12 Innovation Parkway, Birtinya, Queensland 4575, Australia


Love, S., Kannis-Dymand, L., P. Lovell, G. (2019). Development and validation of the metacognitive beliefs about performances questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 50(5), 411-436. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2019.50.411


The purpose of this study was to develop a sport-specific self-report measure of metacognitive beliefs: The Metacognitive Beliefs about Performances Questionnaire (MBPQ). Firstly, principal components analysis and reliability tests showed that the MBPQ retained a reliable five-factor solution: positive beliefs about competitive worry; positive beliefs about rumination; positive beliefs about arousal; negative beliefs about competitive thinking; and beliefs about need to control cognition. Secondly, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability and validity tests confirmed internal validity in a triathlete field sample. Thirdly, concurrent validity was also evident through analyses of bivariate correlations with existing generalised metacognitive measures (the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30; the Adapted Positive Beliefs about Rumination Scale), and through associations with state anxiety variables (cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, thought disruption, and self-confidence). Overall, the results have conveyed the MBPQ to be a sound measure of metacognitive beliefs in competitive athletes. The implications and interactions of these subscales were discussed accordingly.

Keywords: Metacognitive Beliefs, Questionnaire Validation, Psychometric Properties, Athletes, Sports