Department of Sport Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Gråstén, A. (2016). Testing the model of motivational climate, goal orientations, expectancy beliefs, task values in school physical education, and associated links to light- to vigorous-intensity physical activity. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 47(5), 408-427. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2016.47.408
The purpose of the study was to examine the model of motivational climate, goal orientations, expectancy beliefs, task values, and associated links to light- to vigorous-intensity physical activity in order to understand the social-cognitive motivational processes in physical education. The results mainly supported existing suggestions of Vallerand’s hierarchical model of motivation, since task-involving motivational climate mediated by expectancy beliefs was linked to light-intensity physical activity. An unexpected finding was that task-involving motivational climate in physical education directly related only with light-intensity activity. The present findings support the task-involving teaching methods in physical education to promote children’s total physical activity, especially light-intensity activity through beliefs about ability.
Keywords: Physical Activity, Physical education, The Achievement goal theory, The Expectancy-value Theory, The hierarchical model of motivation