Daniel T. Bishop
Brunel University London, United Kingdom
T. Bishop, D. (2016). Effects of spoken cues on decision-making in netball: An eye movement study. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 47(1), 1-12. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2016.47.001
Thirteen international netballers viewed computerized static images of scenarios taken from netball open play. Two ‘team mates’, each marked by one opponent, could be seen in each image; each team mate-opponent pair was located on opposite sides of the display, such that a binary response was required (‘left’ or ‘right’) from the participant, in order to select a team mate to whom they would pass the ball. For each trial, a spoken word (“left”/“right”) was presented monaurally at the onset of the visual image. Spatially invalid auditory cues (i.e., in the ear contralateral to the correct passing option [as judged by three netball experts]), reduced performance accuracy relative to valid ones. Semantically invalid cues (e.g., a call of “left” when the target was right-located), increased response times relative to valid ones. However, there were no accompanying changes in visual attention to the team mates and their markers. The effects of auditory cues on covert attentional shifts and decision-making are discussed.
Keywords: Auditory, Crossmodal, Spatial attention, Sport, Visual attention