Measuring students’ responsibility in physical education Instrument development and validation

Wei-Ting Hsu *, Yi-Hsiang Pan **, Hung-Shih Chou **, Wei-Ping Lee ** and Frank Jing-Horng Lu **

(*) Fo Guang University, Taiwan
(**) National Taiwan Sport University,Taiwan


Hsu, W., Pan, Y., Chou, H., Lee, W., Jing-Horng Lu, F. (2014). Measuring students’ responsibility in physical education Instrument development and validation. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 45(5), 487-503. doi:10.7352/IJSP.2014.45.487


Based on the findings of previous research (Li, Wright, Rukavina, & Pickering, 2008; Watson, Newton, & Kim, 2003; Wright & Craig, 2011), the purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for measuring students’ responsibility in physical education through a three-tiered qualitative and quantitative approach. Participants in this study included 551 high school students currently taking physical education classes. For the first study, interviews were conducted in order to produce an item bank for use in the Students’ Responsibility in Physical Education Scale (SRIPES), while the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the second study revealed that SRIPES included a total of six factors (effort, self-direction, following class rules, respect for others, helping others, and cooperation). For the third study, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and criterion-related validity analyses provided additional psychometric evidence regarding the instrument. Overall, the results of this study showed that SRIPES was valid and reliable for its intended use.

Keywords: Physical education, Scale development, TPSR, Youth social development